Date of Graduation

Spring 5-18-2018

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry

College/School

College of Arts and Sciences

Department/Program

Chemistry

First Advisor

Tami Spector

Second Advisor

Janet Yang

Third Advisor

Larry Margerum

Abstract

The synthesis of 3,7-dimethyl-7-methoxyoctane-2-ol (Osyrol), an important sandalwood odorant, from 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-diene (dihydromyrcene) was recently accomplished by two groups, both utilizing a two-step epoxide formation and ring opening approach. Here, the synthesis of Osyrol from 3,7-Dimethyloct-6-en-1-ol (citronellol) is accomplished in a novel six-step approach. The key steps in this synthesis is the Wacker Oxidation of a terminal double bond followed by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction. Though most of the steps in this reaction scheme resulted in limited success, the key steps occurred with high yields.

In the second chapter, the effects of 2-aminophenyl-1H-pyrazole (2-APP) as a removable directing group for C(sp3)-H arylation was explored, as it has been successful in a multitude of C(sp2)-H activation methodologies. The best results were obtained when silver acetate (AgOAc) was employed as a promoter to the palladium II acetate (Pd(OAc)2)catalyst, and iodo-toluene as the aryl source. The reaction was heated to 130 °C in toluene in a sealed microwave vial. This produced the arylated product in high yields (~90%), when aryl iodide used had low steric hindrance and strong electron-donating groups.

Comments

The synthesis of 3,7-dimethyl-7-methoxyoctane-2-ol (Osyrol), an important sandalwood odorant, from 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-diene (dihydromyrcene) was recently accomplished by two groups, both utilizing a two-step epoxide formation and ring opening approach. Here, the synthesis of Osyrol from 3,7-Dimethyloct-6-en-1-ol (citronellol) is accomplished in a novel six-step approach. The key steps in this synthesis is the Wacker Oxidation of a terminal double bond followed by sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction. Though most of the steps in this reaction scheme resulted in limited success, the key steps occurred with high yields.

In the second chapter, the effects of 2-aminophenyl-1H-pyrazole (2-APP) as a removable directing group for C(sp3)-H arylation was explored, as it has been successful in a multitude of C(sp2)-H activation methodologies. The best results were obtained when silver acetate (AgOAc) was employed as a promoter to the palladium II acetate (Pd(OAc)2)catalyst, and iodo-toluene as the aryl source. The reaction was heated to 130 °C in toluene in a sealed microwave vial. This produced the arylated product in high yields (~90%), when aryl iodide used had low steric hindrance and strong electron-donating groups.

Available for download on Wednesday, April 14, 2021

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