Date of Graduation

Spring 3-12-2013

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in International and Development Economics (MSIDEC)



First Advisor

Elizabeth Katz


This paper examines the impact of parental migration on schooling outcomes for children left behind in El Salvador. Using cross sectional data collected in 2012, outcomes for children are observed for children with migrant parents. The outcomes are also analyzed by gender of the migrant parent who left his or her child behind. Results are observed using instrumental variable estimations, as well as a seemingly unrelated regression to estimate the impact of migration on a child’s time allocation. Outcomes are also analyzed measuring the impact of remittances. Results show that children with at least one migrant parent will complete more years of school. The gender of that migrant parent has no significant impact. Also, parental migration has no significant influence on time allocation, but the presence of remittances in the child’s household does. This paper studies the impact of both migration and remittances on a child’s schooling behavior. Results suggest that the same factors that affect schooling may have a strong correlation with the propensity to migrate as well.


This thesis is later published as:

Intemann, Z., & Katz, E. (2014). Migration and children's schooling and time allocation: Evidence from El Salvador. International Journal of Educational Development.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2014.03.004