Date of Graduation

Fall 12-15-2022

Document Type

Restricted Thesis - USF access only

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Migration Studies


College of Arts and Sciences


Migration Studies

First Advisor

Luis E. Bazan


This article focuses on the reasons behind the low ratio of Adverse Childhood Experiences, also known as ACE, found in immigrant youth compared to the high ratio found in white American children by questioning the ways in which ACE studies dismiss the immigration experience. This is the examination of how the ACE theoretical framework has promoted the invisibility of the immigrant experience by not including the effects of the threat of detention and deportation, the detention and deportation itself, the exposure to systemic marginalization and deprivation on the psychology of young immigrants, and many other immigration stressors.

This is also a critique of the amount of existing research about ACE and how there are little to no studies regarding the ways Adverse Childhood Experiences can affect Hispanic immigrant families. There are countless studies and open debates that have analyzed ACE from many different perspectives; however, they are only based on the white American experience.

The purpose of this article is to explore the ways in which the immigrant experience has been neglected within the ACEs literature and highlight the importance of addressing this oversight.



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