Date of Graduation

Spring 5-18-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in International and Development Economics (MSIDEC)


College of Arts and Sciences



First Advisor

Jesse K. Anttila-Hughes


In 2015, Mexico ranked 22nd in the international list of ECI; Out of 136 countries, Mexico had a higher index than Netherlands and Denmark. How is this possible for a developing economy that in 2014 reached its highest inequality index at 50.3%? This research is focused on the behavior of the Economic Complexity Index when it interacts with income inequality (Gini Coefficient), the gross production and human development (which in this case is focused on access to basic services: education and electricity). In the first and second sections, this paper highlights the importance of the analysis at a municipality level when we focus on urban and human development. Sections 4 and 5 expand on the data sources and methods chosen for this research. In Section 6, we present the findings of this study, which indicate that to analyze and promote economic development that positively impacts people's quality of life, it is necessary to examine indicators at the municipal level in Mexico. This approach allows for the creation of tailored policies suitable for specific areas and their populations.

Available for download on Monday, May 25, 2026

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