Date of Graduation

Spring 5-15-2020

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Studies (MAIS)


College of Arts and Sciences


International Studies

First Advisor

Filip Kovacevic

Second Advisor

Brian Dowd-Uribe


This thesis documents and analyzes the major trends of the military, political, economic, and cultural relationships between Denmark and Russia from 1989 to 2019. I document the relationship from the Danish perspective, using primary sources, with the aim to conduct analysis of Danish politicians’ speeches and activities during this period. The outcome is a comprehensive image of the Danish-Russian bilateral relationship at the present time. This relationship has fluctuated widely during the time period under study. Shared economic development interests in the 1990s contributed to a positive relationship; controversy surrounding the war in Chechnya and an assertive Danish prime minister caused a severe downturn in relations during the 2000s; between 2009 and 2014, Danish economic interests took top priority and helped salvage the relationship with Russia; but following what the West perceived as Russian aggression in Ukraine in 2014, combined with developments in the European energy sector, we are now seeing another low period in the Danish-Russian relationship. The fact that Denmark plays a key role in the linkages between European energy security and expansion of Russian energy exports, and has through its connection with Greenland a voice in the issues of sovereignty and access in the Arctic, competition over which is only going to increase in the coming years, underscores the importance of understanding this relationship.