Frogs Hiding in Plain Sight: Phylogenetic Systematics of Myanmar’s Occidozyga Species Complex, and the Identification of a Novel Species
Date of Graduation
Master of Science in Biology
College of Arts and Sciences
Dr. Jennifer A. Dever
Dr. John Paul
Dr. Naupaka Zimmerman
Different species can be difficult to distinguish from one another when they are morphologically similar. Such cryptic species are the reason many anuran species go undetected. For this study, the taxonomic identity of the Occidozyga complex across Myanmar was investigated. An integrated approach was used combining molecular, morphological and phylogeographic data to better assess its taxonomy. Results indicate the presence of three new candidate species within Occidozyga, and three evolutionarily significant unit (ESU) lineages. Two mitochondrial gene fragments (16S, COI) and one nuclear gene fragment (Rhodopsin) were examined from DNA isolated from forty-seven preserved specimens from the California Academy of Science (CAS). Spatial data from collection localities for specimens was integrated into phylogeographic analyses. Additionally, morphological data was analyzed for morphometrics and principal component analysis (PCA) from 259 specimens at the CAS and National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). Significant molecular differentiation was observed, uncovering a novel species from central Tanintharyi. Additional evolutionary significant units were identified. From these findings, we advocate for adequate protection of each of these distinct evolutionary lineages.
Bogisich, Allison, "Frogs Hiding in Plain Sight: Phylogenetic Systematics of Myanmar’s Occidozyga Species Complex, and the Identification of a Novel Species" (2019). Master's Theses. 1208.
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