Date of Graduation

Spring 5-18-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)


School of Education


Teaching English as a Second Language

First Advisor

Dr. Kenneth Van Bik


To understand the origin of this documentation pertaining to How Language Policies and Practices Affect Classrooms in Schools and Colleges goes all the way back in time to the 1800s. The year of 1890 was the time, when the so-called minority generation in the United States came to realize that, injustice was going to be at a standstill unless some action would take place. This country was set on uncertain written standards that were bound to have been noted as constitutional. The constitution says this, and the constitution states that, “While the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution outlawed slavery, it was not until three years later, in 1868, that the 14th Amendment guaranteed the rights of citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including due process and equal protection of the laws. These two amendments, as well as the 15th Amendment protecting voting rights, were intended to eliminate the last remnants of slavery and to protect the citizenship of black Americans.

In 1875, Congress also passed the first Civil Rights Act, which held the “equality of all men before the law” and called for fines and penalties for anyone found denying patronage of public places, such as theaters and inns, on the basis of race.” Please note that the struggle for equality began then and now. What are we really searching for as a unit? Is the unit formulated into a divide, or shall the struggle continue until there is no end? Times are constantly changing from all of the court fights from Plessy versus Ferguson to the Mendez versus Westminster to Brown versus the Board of Education to Ruby Bridges to the Civil Rights Movement to Briggs et al. versus Elliott et al. to Abbott versus Burke Lum versus Rice, and to all of the injustices that must be conquered in the Court system, so that justice can be prevailed for equality to mean equal and not separate because someone wanted it to be read and understood that way. Language policies and procedures should be practiced the same way that any other just cause should fit into a growing and successful society.

Available for download on Tuesday, May 04, 2021

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