Author Bio

Elizabeth Sumida Huaman (Wanka/Quechua) is associate professor of Comparative and International Development Education. An Indigenous education researcher, her work focuses on the link between Indigenous lands and natural resources, languages, and cultural and educational practices in the North and South America. Her research projects include collaborative studies in the U.S., Canada, and Peru with Indigenous communities and institutions on Indigenous knowledge systems and education, cross-national education and language policy impacts, and Indigenous community-based education and environmental sustainability. eshuaman@umn.edu


This article discusses Quechua women, labor, and educational opportunity in Peru and explores the relationship between coloniality and violence, Quechua racialized labor and Spanish exploitation, and unequal access to formal schooling, which have impacted generations of Quechua women. Drawing from a larger narrative project with three generations of Quechua grandmothers, daughters, and granddaughters from the Andean highlands of Peru, the article revisits the Agrarian Reform Law era, foundational and gendered research gaining prominence through the 1970s, and offers insights regarding life hopes gained through newly emerging testimonies.