Date of Submission

Spring 5-7-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)



First Advisor

Dr. Trinette Radasa

Second Advisor

Dr. Jo Loomis


Background: Healthcare personnel (HCP) like physicians, nurses, advanced practice nurses etc. are at high risk of stress, burnout, and compassion fatigue (CF). Nearly half of the physicians and one-third of the nurses experience burnout in the United States. The physical and mental health of HCPs is impacted by burnout and CF, leading to increased practice errors and decreased patient safety.

Local Problem: HCPs have poor knowledge about mindfulness and its benefits. Mindfulness-based self-care measures are not promoted in HCP.

Methods: An extensive database search was done to find evidence about using mindfulness-based strategies to relieve burnout, stress, and compassion fatigue in HCP.

Interventions: A critical appraisal of selected articles was done using the Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Appraisal tool to find the highest quality of evidence. An integrated review and synthesis of the literature was performed to determine if compelling evidence exists to use mindfulness-based strategies in HCP.

Results: There is compelling evidence that using various mindfulness-based strategies helps reduce burnout and stress and increases compassion and empathy in HCP. However, there is a lack of high-quality literature measuring the effects of mindfulness practice on compassion fatigue.

Conclusions: Mindfulness-based strategies should be promoted in healthcare settings to relieve stress and burnout and increase compassion levels in HCP. Also, more empirical data should be produced showing the effects of mindfulness on compassion fatigue.

Included in

Nursing Commons