Date of Graduation
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
School of Nursing and Health Professions
Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner
Dr. Jo Loomis
Dr. Joshua Cleary
Background: Childhood obesity, asthma, and untreated mental health conditions are three examples of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNDs) that pose a host of negative consequences later in life. Minority children from low-income families, especially those with environmental disadvantages, face additional risk factors for the development of these diseases. Community health workers (CHWs) are in a unique position to help address these negative health externalities by being attuned with the linguistic, cultural, and socioemotional needs of members of their communities. Research has demonstrated success in CHW-led interventions curtailing the negative impacts associated with these diseases in low-income, minority communities.
Methods: A literature review was conducted to investigate the efficacy of CHW interventions in improving outcomes related to pediatric CNDs. Databases utilized to obtain peer-reviewed research included PubMed and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL).
Results: Ultimately, N = 13 studies pertaining to pediatric CNDs met inclusion criteria and were analyzed and discussed. The literature demonstrates that CHW-led interventions result in meaningful improvements in health outcomes related to pediatric CNDs.
Conclusion: CHW-led interventions, specifically home assessments and visits, are vital tools that can improve the quality of life and reduce morbidity and mortality among low-income community members living with CNDs.
Newell, Julia L., "Implementing Community Health Workers to Improve the Management of Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Children" (2023). Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects. 337.