Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


School of Education


Leadership Studies


Organization & Leadership EdD

First Advisor

Patricia Mitchell

Second Advisor

Monica Bajaj

Third Advisor

Walter Gmelch

Fourth Advisor

David Cohen


The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain an in-depth understanding of the role of community-based NGOs in developing and delivering prevention interventions and nonformal education programs that work to end human trafficking of at-risk women and children. Specifically, the study explored the intersection between human trafficking and education, and the critical role NGOs play in human trafficking prevention. Essential to understanding this phenomenon was giving voice to the experiences of children who are the recipients of such prevention and education interventions.

An international community-based, anti-human trafficking NGO—Prerana—served as the case study setting. Direct observations and participant interviews took place in Mumbai, India, where Prerana is located. The 18 participants included the organization’s leadership, teachers, and staff, as well as children in Prerana’s care. Research questions centered on the organization’s human trafficking prevention approach; the goals and methods of its Education Support Program; the children’s experiences with the organization and its education programs; and the relationships between staff members and the children, their families, and communities. Participant narratives provided rich details on the organization’s efforts to prevent human trafficking and to infuse education throughout its prevention efforts. Findings pointed to the importance of a comprehensive human rights-based prevention approach that is child-centered, involves mothers/families, engages and educates communities, and works to shift negative societal attitudes and perceptions of marginalized women and children. Conclusions drew from the findings; recommendations address the application of the findings and the need for further research.