Date of Graduation

Summer 8-11-2023

Document Access

Project/Capstone - Global access

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Nursing and Health Professions


Public Health

First Advisor

Dr. Zahra Goliaei


The profound impact of homelessness on health and well-being, particularly among women, underscores the urgency of addressing the reproductive health challenges faced by homeless women in the San Francisco Bay Area. Between 2020 and 2022, the escalation of homelessness had a more pronounced impact on women, both in terms of numerical count and proportion. The count of homeless women surged by 6%, while homeless men experienced a comparatively modest rise of 1% (Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, 2022). The increasing rates of homelessness among women in the Bay Area necessitate targeted interventions to address their unique needs. Employing a qualitative methodology, this research combines a comprehensive review of examining existing evidence-based interventions. Leveraging the Social Ecological Model, this study critically assesses interventions to identify multi-tiered impacts and areas for enhancement. Rooted in a public health framework, the recommendations are designed to bridge gaps in reproductive health support. Strategies include establishing tailored clinics for homeless women, deploying mobile health units for direct outreach, integrating cultural competence and trauma-informed care, facilitating educational workshops, fostering collaborative partnerships, and advocating for policy reform. By addressing structural biases and inequities, these recommendations intend to enhance care quality and inclusivity. The findings underscore the necessity of targeted interventions, contributing to healthier communities by addressing reproductive health challenges among homeless women. This research concurrently advances immediate health amelioration and the overarching health equity agenda, ultimately elevating the well-being of this vulnerable population. Keywords: Reproductive health Challenges, Homeless women, Healthcare interventions, San Francisco Bay Area