Date of Graduation

Summer 8-13-2023

Document Access

Project/Capstone - Global access

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Nursing and Health Professions

First Advisor

Zahra Goliaei MD, MPH, PhD


Chronic lower back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent issue worldwide, affecting about 1.71 billion people, with a significant proportion being women. CLBP is a major health concern in India, particularly among women, which were 80% reported experiencing this condition. Several factors, such as personal beliefs, sociocultural norms, restricted healthcare access, repetitive movements, and psychological aspects, contribute to this high prevalence leading to severe health and economic implications, including reduced work productivity and income. Although there have been several reports on prevalence and risk factors of CLBP, to our knowledge, there has not been enough work focusing on evidence-based interventions to decrease the burden of CLBP in India.

This paper applied the Socioecological model to examine the determinants of CLBP among Indian women and suggest evidence-based interventions. We reported that despite research on the prevalence and single-level risk factors of CLBP, there's a gap in analyzing the complex interactions of these risk factors and creating effective interventions to address these interactions.

CLBP constitutes a significant health burden among Indian women. Addressing chronic pain is not only a fundamental human right but also an ethical responsibility of healthcare systems. s. Interventions to address lower back pain should evolve from focusing on symptomatic relief to a multidimensional, patient-centered approach. These include self-management strategies, multidisciplinary care, and technological advancements like digital health solutions.