Date of Graduation

Summer 8-12-2022

Document Access

Project/Capstone - Global access

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Nursing and Health Professions

First Advisor

Kelly L'Engle


Burnout, an occupational syndrome resulting from chronic stress and emotionally intense work demands, is highly prevalent among healthcare providers (HCPs). Burnout among HCPs is associated with negative consequences for provider health, patient care, and the healthcare system. There is a lack of clear guidelines on how to assist U.S.-based healthcare organizations develop interventions for HCP burnout, including effective intervention types and preferred metrics for quantifying burnout. To address this, this author conducted a systematic literature review. The literature review identified U.S.-based interventions for HCP burnout as well as measures used to assess burnout. The studies included in the literature review (N = 28) describe interventions that can be grouped into the following six categories: mindfulness-based interventions, workplace improvement interventions, positive reflection interventions, stress management interventions, interventions focused on coping with patient death, and other interventions that could not be grouped in any of the predominant categories. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was most used to assess burnout, but the Mini-Z survey, the Professional Quality of Life Survey, the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, and intervention-specific scales were also used to quantify burnout. Analysis of the literature led to key recommendations for burnout intervention development and evaluation. These include implementing evidence-based interventions at both the individual and the organizational levels, testing for intervention acceptability, and assessing burnout with valid and reliable instruments. These guidelines may assist healthcare organizations implement their own evidence-based interventions and help reduce widespread burnout among their employees, thereby improving patient safety and quality of care.