Date of Graduation

Summer 8-16-2022

Document Access

Project/Capstone - Global access

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


School of Nursing and Health Professions

First Advisor

Dr. Zahra Goliaei


Endocrine disrupting chemicals have been associated with a variety of harmful effects on the human body such as affecting the development, reproductive, neurological, cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. There are many sources that can contribute to human exposure, but some sources are not as intensely researched as others. This paper aims to identify feminine hygiene products as a source of exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals to consumers. There are few studies that have examined these products and the levels of endocrine disrupting chemicals exposure through them. Feminine hygiene products are used globally and by many different ages. It is important for the consumers to be aware and educated on what chemicals are in their products and the potential harmful effects these chemicals may pose. This paper conducts a thorough literature review to examine the existing knowledge on chemical exposure through feminine products to create a better understanding and initiate further research, interventions, and policies and any racial/ethnic disparities to targeted minority groups. It was identified that feminine hygiene products are a source of exposure and endocrine disrupting chemicals have an effect on the menstrual cycle. Further research on this topic is needed to stop the disparities and the exposure in women who use feminine hygiene products, increase awareness and education for consumers, as well as create an opportunity to introduce stricter policies to limit the exposure that humans have to endocrine disrupting chemicals on a daily basis.