Date of Graduation

Winter 12-16-2016

Document Type

Project

Degree Name

Master of Science in Behavioral Health (MSBH)

College/School

School of Nursing and Health Professions

Abstract

The United States of America is known for freedom and integrity and being a nation that stands for justice and equality for all. Within the United States there are systems in place to better the people and communities in order to provide safety and order. However, just as any nation, there is a struggle with violent behavior and tendencies among adults and adolescents. Within the last three decades, the United States has created a correctional system that specifically targets adolescents, and that acknowledges the differences between adult and juvenile development and deviant behavior. Within this literature review, academic databases were searched in order to find information showing the differences between the adolescent brain and the adult brain, which supports the importance of varying treatment for juvenile delinquents. Furthermore, research supporting the dangers (and the ultimate removal) of solitary confinement in juvenile facilities is examined, as well as, the use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and alternate methods of rehabilitation, such as animal therapy and Mindfulness Meditation.

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