Date of Graduation

Spring 5-5-2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International and Multicultural Education (IME)

College/School

School of Education

Department/Program

International and Multicultural Education (IME)

First Advisor

Rosa Jimenez

Abstract

Across the Pacific in Auckland, New Zealand two rap groups, Homebrew and @Peace, are contributing to a theoretically rich and socially conscious Hip Hop scene. Their music critically questions commercialism and conformity in a culture shaped by a history of colonialism. This makes their message starkly opposed to the normative values of New Zealand. The musicians of Homebrew and @Peace, a mix of Polynesian and Pakeha (people of European descent), employ methods of decolonization theory through the use of storytelling and focus on indigenous values. In a country that has adopted the neoliberal beliefs that competition drives human relations, and redefines citizens as consumers, Homebrew and @Peace use their music to resist these messages by valuing the individual over the almighty dollar. Straddling between worlds, one of urbanization and the other of indigeneity, Homebrew and @Peace show how this rift is a result of neoliberalism.The perceived benefits of urbanization and capitalism conflict with indigenous values. Currently, Polynesian, and specifically Maori, have disproportionately higher rates of disadvantage in almost every life outcome compared to Pakeha. Intense competition and the commodification of education and land are cited by Homebrew and @Peace as causes for feelings of alienation. They powerfully connect the political to the personal, which can inspire youth to become their own cultural theorists.