Date of Graduation
Master of Arts in Migration Studies
College of Arts and Sciences
The non-application of the International Protection mechanisms, such as the non-recognition of the determination of refugee status to the migrant population victims of forced migration, not only aggravates the conditions of vulnerability of the migrants because the State does not respond adequately to their specific needs but also because the State is violating what is stipulated in the International Human Rights Law and ignoring its responsibilities acquired by having signed instruments of the International Protection Regime. Despite the fact that Colombia is the largest recipient of Venezuelan migrants in Latin America due to its geographical proximity, it is also one of the countries with the lowest number of Venezuelan refugees and asylees. By listing the barriers to access to the asylum system in Colombia, this thesis explains how and why the Colombian State in practice is not applying the international protection regime with Venezuelan migration. Through a qualitative analysis of immigration regulations, reports from non-governmental organizations, news, and the conduct of interviews, this thesis found that despite the suggestion of migrant defense organizations to recognize the majority of Venezuelans as refugees under the Declaration of Cartagena of 1984, it is possible to observe an institutional and social denial. Which has been argued under the collective imagination that Venezuelans are just economic migrants in search of better life opportunities. Ignoring the structural factors for which Venezuelans have decided to flee, and which are protected by the Cartagena Declaration in its definition of refugee.
Tovar Rojas, Diana Maria, "Colombia, un refugio cercano pero no accesible para los venezolanos" (2021). Master's Theses. 1390.