Date of Graduation

Winter 12-15-2017

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Studies (MAIS)


College of Arts and Sciences


International Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Payam Nahid

Second Advisor

Dr. Stephen M Zavestoski


Tuberculosis (TB), is one of the top ten causes of death worldwide. TB is commonly linked to poverty and creates poverty as it is the single largest cause of death in the 15-49-year-old age group in South-East Asia (WHO, 2017). It is also linked to the HIV population, and its leading cause of death. TB is effected by socio-economic factors, cultural factors, and health policy. My goal of this dissertation is to identify systematic approaches that shall support the mission set by World Health Organization (WHO): to eliminate TB globally by the year 2050. Measures might include addressing social barriers and improving implementation of tools which may increase the likelihood of achieving elimination. Looking at the high incidence rate of TB, this dissertation aims to research and find foundation for this disease in countries and especially in South-East Asia, more specifically India. TB is a severe health crisis in India with one third of its population suffering from this infectious disease.

TB is associated with socioeconomic factors such as levels of poverty and under nutrition while HIV and smoking are a result of co-infections. (WHO, 2017). My goal is to provide a systematic approach in the identification of factors which if modified could lead to increased preventive measures, diagnosis and treatment. This can be done by looking at the history of tuberculosis, diagnostic tests and global impact related to public health with a focus for the newer diagnostic tests that could potentially help reduce the burden of this disease.