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We present Advanced Camera for Surveys, NICMOS, and Keck adaptive-optics-assisted photometry of 20 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Cluster Supernova Survey. The SNe Ia were discovered over the redshift interval 0.623 < z < 1.415. of these sne ia, 14 pass our strict selection cuts and are used in combination with the world's sample of sne ia to derive the best current constraints on dark energy. of our new sne ia, 10 are beyond redshift z = 1, thereby nearly doubling the statistical weight of hst-discovered sne ia beyond this redshift. our detailed analysis corrects for the recently identified correlation between sn ia luminosity and host galaxy mass and corrects the nicmos zero point at the count rates appropriate for very distant sne ia. adding these sne improves the best combined constraint on dark-energy density, {rho}{sub de}(z), at redshifts 1.0 < z < 1.6 by 18% (including systematic errors). for a flat {lambda}cdm universe, we find {omega}{sub {lambda}} = 0.729 {+-} 0.014 (68% confidence level (cl) including systematic errors). for a flat wcdm model, we measure a constant dark-energy equation-of-state parameter w = -1.013{sup +0.068}{sub -0.073} (68% cl). curvature is constrained to {approx}0.7% in the owcdm model and to {approx}2% in a model in which dark energy is allowed to vary with parameters w{sub 0} and w{sub a} . further tightening the constraints on the time evolution of dark energy will require several improvements, including high-quality multi-passband photometry of a sample of several dozen z > 1 SNe Ia. We describe how such a sample could be efficiently obtained by targeting cluster fields with WFC3 on board HST. The updated supernova Union2.1 compilation of 580 SNe is available at


Copyright 2012 American Astronomical Society.

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