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Our research has identified three key trends in existing energy efficiency cooperation. The first, discussed in Chapter 3, is the growing role of independent, international cooperation networks in facilitating large-scale energy efficiency improvements. The second, explored in Chapter 4, is the increasing importance of policy development cooperation as an effective mechanism for promoting significant energy savings and greenhouse gas reductions. In Chapter 5, we examine cooperation activity sector by sector and note increasing activity in certain economic sectors with numerous, diverse actors, most notably in appliances, transportation and buildings. In the industrial sector, there is a trend from “hard” technology cooperation (e.g., technology transfer) to “soft” cooperation involving capacity building and policy tools such as voluntary agreements and energy management systems.


This work appears as Chapter 5 in: Sugiyama, T. & Ohshita, S.B. (2006). Cooperative Climate: Energy Efficiency Action in East Asia. Winnipeg: IISD. Available online: