Existing cooperation on energy efficiency in East Asia involves a variety of organizations, from large multilateral institutions to small think-tanks and foundations. Cooperation mechanisms range from exchanges of experts and trainees, to the sharing of policy information at regional forums, to multi-million dollar technology installations. A variety of sectors have been targeted, from appliances to buildings to industry and electricity. Some cooperation efforts emphasize measurement of resulting energy savings, while others undertake less quantifiable routes to promoting energy conservation. Cooperation activity on energy efficiency has increased substantially over the past 10 to 15 years, yet those engaged in the cooperation emphasize that even more is needed.
In this chapter, we identify existing energy efficiency cooperation activities in East Asia and examine the organizational structure of those activities. While cooperation on renewable energy, as well as projects under the Clean Development Mechanism, can contribute to a sustainable economy, energy security and environmental protection, only cooperation efforts focused on energy efficiency are analyzed here. Similarly, East Asian countries have engaged in cooperation on various aspects of energy security, but only activities aimed at energy efficiency are discussed here.1 Cooperation activities on energy efficiency and conservation are presented in four groups, based on the type of organizations that participate: 1. bilateral cooperation; 2. multilateral cooperation; 3. regional cooperation; and 4. independent international cooperation networks.
Ohshita, S. B., Wiel, S. & Heggelund, G. (2006). Cooperation Structure: The Growing Role of Independent Cooperation Networks. In Sugiyama, T. & S. B. Ohshita (Eds.), Cooperation Structure: The Growing Role of Independent Cooperation Networks (pp. 39-61). Winnipeg: IISD.