Date of Submission

Fall 1-18-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)



First Advisor

Dr. Trinette Radasa


Background: Implicit bias (IB) training is not provided in all graduate nursing programs. As a result, graduate nursing students are not prepared to address poor health outcomes related to healthcare biases. This literature review examines the evidence for effective IB training methodologies.

Methods: CINAHL, Fusion, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for peer-reviewed articles published between 2010 and 2022. The identified studies were critically appraised using the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Level and Quality Guide Tool.

Results: Six articles were identified as eligible. Five studies implemented implicit bias training for graduate nursing students and medical students. One meta-analysis assessed the effects of diversity training on four training outcomes including characteristics of the training context.

Conclusion: There are numerous ways to structure IB training for graduate nursing students. However, educators must consider the sensitive nature of IB when planning the course. Factors to consider include the use of IAT (Implicit Association Test) tool, the timing of training, use of creative training, providing bias mitigation strategies, and motivation to learn.

Included in

Nursing Commons