Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


School of Education


Leadership Studies


Organization & Leadership EdD

First Advisor

Patricia Mitchell

Second Advisor

Betty Taylor

Third Advisor

Shelly Viramontez


San Francisco Bay Area school districts contracted with California Public Employees’ Retirement system (CalPERS) and the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

This qualitative study examined the impact of high cost CalPERS medical plans on the participant’s school district in regards to the 2020 Cadillac Tax, the types of administrative action the participants have taken to comply with the mandated reporting to the IRS, and the types of administrative measures the participants have taken to comply with the offer of coverage to employees working a minimum of 30 hours per week. The theoretical framework used was Organizational Readiness for Change theory because its premise is to analyze new changes in an organization.

This study employed semi structured interviews of 6 San Francisco Bay Area school districts. The participants were school leaders that were responsible for the ACA mandate in their organization. The study found that the ACA will bring additional administrative costs to their organizations and their employees. The study found accountability to implement the ACA mandate was an issue for some of the school districts. The study found that there was confusion surrounding Form 1095-C and reporting to the IRS. Finally, 4 San Francisco Bay Area school districts shared their attitudes and perceptions of the ACA mandate.