Date of Graduation

Fall 12-15-2018

Document Type

Project/Capstone

Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)

College/School

School of Nursing and Health Professions

First Advisor

Cathy Coleman

Second Advisor

Jo Loomis

Abstract

Abstract

The role of nutrition in wound care is often overlooked. The main reasons why wounds fail to heal are malnutrition, infection, impaired organ function due to co-existing diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease to name a few. These factors have contributed to poor patient outcomes and patient satisfaction, as well as an increase in hospital length of stay. To promote wound healing, fuel from macro and micronutrients are necessary to deliver oxygen and energy for cell regeneration. However, nurses must possess knowledge and understanding of these requirements and the effects of nutrition on wound healing to improve quality of care. In recognition of this need, educational sessions on nutrition and wound healing were planned using problem based learning as a teaching strategy. Continuous professional development (CPD) is necessary to produce spread of changed work practices, resulting in local and eventually system wide improvement. Optimum nutrition has been shown to improve wound healing outcomes, especially for those who are at risk for impaired healing. Therefore, increasing nursing knowledge will allow them to gain the skills necessary to apply evidence based care that produces high quality outcomes.

Key Words: wound care, malnutrition, nursing education, dietitian, older people, elderly, pressure ulcers, nutrition, synergy model, continuous professional development, Kirpatrick model, outcome measures, quality improvement.

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