Date of Graduation
Master of Science in Behavioral Health (MSBH)
School of Nursing and Health Professions
Background. A growing body of research suggests female informal caregivers fair worse physically, socially and emotionally than males. As the prevalence of male caregivers is increasing there is a critical need to understand why some caregivers fair worse than others.
Aim. The purpose of this study is to determine what gender and relational differences exist among service-seeking informal caregivers.
Methods. This is a retrospective, cross sectional study of 467 caregivers utilizing the Family Caregiver Alliance (FCA) or the University of Southern California Family Caregiver Support Center (USC FCSC) services between January 2017 and March 2018.
Results. Twenty percent of caregivers were male. No gender differences were observed in the amount and caregiving tasks provided. More females reported severe levels of burden (p=0.013), and we saw no differences in physical health and social connectedness. Compared to adult children, spouses provided higher amounts of care and no differences in burden, physical health, and social connectedness were found.
Discussion. Few gender differences were observed, however this sample differed from national estimates. In our sample (versus national estimates) there were half as many males (20% vs. 40%) , caregivers were more likely to provide over 40 hours of care per week (60% vs. 25%) and assist with more activities of daily living (4 vs. 1). Despite these differences, we found caregivers reporting high burden was comparable to national estimates (44% vs. 40%). Our findings suggest service-seeking informal caregivers are performing more intensive caregiving. More research should be done to understand their specific needs.
Hitchner, Kelly, "Women’s Work? Gender Differences Among High Need Caregivers" (2018). Master's Projects and Capstones. 809.