Date of Graduation

Spring 5-21-2021

Document Access

Project/Capstone - Global access

Degree Name

Master of Arts in International and Multicultural Education (IME)


School of Education


International and Multicultural Education (IME)

First Advisor

Rosa M. Jimenez


Under the influence of English Only Movement (Macedo, 2000), bilingual education has been neglected for 18 years in California from Proposition 227 in 1998 to Proposition 58 in 2016. This leads to a result that many immigrant parents were not aware of the importance of bilingual education and have passive attitudes and perceptions towards bilingual education. For example, some immigrant parents think that English is more important than their home language, or that learning their home language will significantly hinder their children’s English acquisition. Yet, according to the three-generation shift suggested by Baker and Wright (2017), immigrant families will often lose their heritage language in three generations if immigrant families do not take action to protect their home languages. Other reasons such as linguistic shame and misunderstandings of bilingual education will also intensify language loss as well as immigrant children’s passive self-identification. Therefore, it is necessary to raise awareness of bilingual education among immigrant parents and guide them to obtain knowledge about their linguistic rights as well as bilingual education.