Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



In this discussion, we will briefly look at the history of performing artists and at the divergence of performing art forms that could be engaged in "for-profit" from those for whom profit was left behind .. From this context we will examine the 21st century components of the nonprofit performing arts workforce (performers, designers, directors, technical staff, front of the house personnel and management) to delineate the elements and conditions they share with the broader workforce and those which are unique to their chosen careers which include the elements that impinge on their role as fully franchised members of the labor force.