A path-integral approach for δ-function potentials is presented. Particular attention is paid to the two-dimensional case, which illustrates the realization of a quantum anomaly for a scale-invariant problem in quantum mechanics. Our treatment is based on an infinite summation of perturbation theory that captures the nonperturbative nature of the δ-function bound state. The well-known singular character of the two-dimensional δ-function potential is dealt with by considering the renormalized path integral resulting from a variety of schemes: dimensional, momentum-cutoff, and real-space regularization. Moreover, compatibility of the bound-state and scattering sectors is shown.
Camblong, Horacio E., "Renormalized Path Integral for the Two-dimensional δ-function Interaction" (2002). Physics and Astronomy. Paper 13.