Cities consume more than 60% of global energy and that share is expected to rise with the rapid rate of urbanization now underway (van der Hoeven, 2012). Cities' energy consumption, along with the reshaping and resurfacing of land and the food and other resources they demand, lead to a similarly large share of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, carbon-based and otherwise. With cities playing a crucial role in sustainable energy and climate systems, this chapter examines emerging efforts by cities around the world to shift to a development pattern with less energy and less carbon.
Ohshita, S.B., Zhou, N., Price, L., Fridley, D., Khanna, N., Hong, L.X., Lu, H.Y., Fino-Chen, C., He, G. (2015). Low Carbon Development for Cities: Methods and Measures. In J.Y. Yan (Ed.), Handbook of Clean Energy Systems (3565-3587). London: Wiley.