Anion photoelectron spectra of Ga2N− were measured at photodetachment wavelengths of 416nm(2.978eV), 355nm(3.493eV), and 266nm(4.661eV). Both field-free time-of-flight and velocity-map imaging methods were used to collect the data. The field-free time-of-flight data provided better resolution of the features, while the velocity-map-imaging data provided more accurate anisotropy parameters for the peaks. Transitions from the ground electronic state of the anion to two electronic states of the neutral were observed and analyzed with the aid of electronic structure calculations and Franck-Condon simulations. The ground-state band was assigned to a transition between linear ground states of Ga2N−(XΣg+1) and Ga2N(XΣu+2), yielding the electron affinity of Ga2N, 2.506±0.008eV. Vibrationally resolved features in the ground-state band were assigned to symmetric and antisymmetric stretch modes of Ga2N, with the latter allowed by vibronic coupling to an excited electronic state. The energy of the observed excited neutral state agrees with that calculated for the AΠu2 state, but the congested nature of this band in the photoelectron spectrum is more consistent with a transition to a bent neutral state.
Sheehan SM, Meloni G, Parsons BF, Wehres N, Neumark DM. Spectroscopic characterization of the ground and low-lying electronic states of Ga2N via anion photoelectron spectroscopy. J Chem Phys. 2006 Feb 14;124(6):64303.